the Chameleon

edition #2
December, 2001

In this edition:

The following is a list of new Members & Associates of the CRLC, in alphabetical order of family name. For a complete list of the current CRLC Members and Associates, click here.

Ms. Laura Daniliuc, PhD student, School of Language Studies (Program in Linguistics), Faculty of Arts, ANU. (full member)
Mr. Radu Daniliuc, PhD student, School of Language Studies (Program in Linguistics), Faculty of Arts, ANU. (full member)
Ms. Bethwyn Evans, (recent PhD student, Linguistics, RSPAS). (associate member)
Prof. Peter Hill, Visiting Fellow, School of Language Studies, Faculty of Arts, ANU. (full member)
Dr. Margaret Sharpe, Hon. Research Fellow, Dept. of Languages, Cultures and Linguistics, University of New England.
(associate member)
Dr. Angela Terrill, Native Title Unit, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, and Visiting Fellow, School of Language Studies (Program in Linguistics), Faculty of Arts, ANU. (full member)

Feature [back to top]

Language genealogy and human prehistory

Harold Koch

The study of language change has important implications for general human prehistory. The methods of historical linguistics include not only a diachronic dimension - tracing language changes downward through time but also a retrospective dimension - reconstructing upwards or backwards through time to earlier stages of language. Our methods allow us to demonstrate the genealogical or family relations between languages and to reconstruct aspects of the original parent language or "proto-language" from which a family of languages has descended.

The genealogical groups of languages established by these methods constitute facts which need to be taken into consideration by other disciplines concerned with history and prehistory, such as archaeology, anthropology, history, human geography, human genetics. The facts of language relationship require explanations in terms of social factors such as the movement, political domination, and cultural influence of groups of human beings.

For example, here are some well-known discoveries of historical linguistics that have long since been taken on board by (pre)historians.

• The closest linguistic relatives of Hungarian are east of the Ural Mountains.

• The languages of Iran and the northern part of the Indian subcontinent are related in the Indo-European language family to most of the languages of Europe.

• The language of the Hittite empire of ancient Anatolia belongs to the Indo-European language family.

• The closest linguistic relatives of Romani (the language of European Gypsies) are languages of northern India.

• The closest linguistic relatives of the Sinhala language of Sri Lanka (with Divehi of the Maldive Islands) are in northern India.

• The closest linguistic relatives of Malagasy are in Indonesia.

• The closest linguistic relatives of Maori are in Polynesia.

• The languages of Madagascar, Indonesia, the Philippines, and most of the Pacific islands are related in the Austronesian language family to the indigenous languages of Taiwan.

Some issues of linguistic relation that still await further elucidation involve the existence, family structure, and geographical distribution of languages in:

• Southeast Asia (of the Tai-Kadai and Austroasiatic families)

• Australia (where a large Pama-Nyungan family was apparently spoken over much of the continent)

• New Guinea (where a huge Trans New Guinea family is spread across the whole island)
These latter issues are some of the questions being studied by ANU linguists of the CRLC, which are of great interest to colleagues in adjacent disciplines of (pre)history.
The genealogical classification of languages is just one aspect of the historical study of languages. Another is the study of "language contact", which is also of great importance to human (pre)history. This will be the topic of a future feature in the newsletter.

People [back to top]

Profile: Jennifer Hendriks, ARC Research Associate
in the School of Language Studies, Arts, ANU

A few years ago, just before the concept for a Centre for Research on Language Change was initially proposed, I had moved to Australia after having completed a PhD in Germanic Linguistics from the Department of German at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. My primary research interests were in early modern Dutch and German, particularly in the complex language contact situation that took place in 16th/17th century Holland. As a postgrad, I had spent a Fulbright-funded year in the Netherlands amassing data for my dissertation. I was particularly interested in finding materials that historical linguists had never used before, and, more importantly, I wanted to use ego-documents (informal personal letters and journals) which I felt would reflect the spoken language varieties more closely than the highly formal, stylized writings on which the Dutch linguistic histories (which are histories of the development of the written standard language) are based. After getting over the initial shock of not being able to read the archival materials I intended to use and after becoming paleographically proficient, I collected hundreds of photos and photocopies of archival materials, only a fraction of which I have been able to transcribe for my research to date.

Letter from Hedewig Bachers to her brother, Samuel from 29 December 1606

In 1999 I became a visiting fellow in the Department of Linguistics, Faculty of Arts, but instead of being able to just concentrate on my research, I spent the next few years tutoring linguistics units, teaching a few semesters of Reading Dutch, working half time as assistant administrator in the School of Language Studies (!) and half time as a lecturer in Academic English. My status at the ANU has recently changed yet again, but this time it represents a significant improvement. In addition to being appointed (fractional) lecturer in the School of Language Studies, from 2002-2004, I will be an ARC Research Associate (also fractional) for a project with Dr Cynthia Allen (Chief Investigator) entitled Linguistic typology and the demise of morphological case: The development of the genitive in the Germanic Languages. My primary role in this project will be to conduct a detailed investigation into the deterioration of the case marking system in Dutch based on my collection of archival materials from the 16th/17th century—a period crucial to our understanding of the development of the Dutch grammar of possession. The approach of using previously unanalyzed colloquial texts as data yielded some very significant results in my dissertation, and is sure to prove to be a linguistic goldmine for our current project.

CRLC Committee for 2002 [back to top]

Acting Director: Dr. Cynthia Allen (FAHA, School of Language Studies (Program in Linguistics), Faculty of Arts)
Professor Andrew Pawley (FAHA, Department of Linguistics, RSPAS)
Dr. John Bowden (Department of Linguistics, RSPAS)
Dr. Peter Hendriks (Japan Studies Centre, Faculty of Asian Studies)
Dr. Harold Koch (School of Language Studies (Program in Linguistics), Faculty of Arts)
Dr. Ann Kumar (FAHA, Centre for Asian Societies and Histories, Faculty of Asian Studies)
Ms. Pascale Jacq (Visiting Fellow, Southeast Asia Centre, Faculty of Asian Studies, and Research Assistant, Linguistics RSPAS)


Education [back to top]

Courses relevant to Language Change offered at ANU in 2002

In 2002 the ANU School of Language Studies is offering a number of units related to historical linguistics and language change:

Semester 1

• Language Change and Linguistic Reconstruction (LING2005), Lecturer: Harold Koch
•Languages in Contact (LING2018), Lecturer: Michael Dunn

Semester 2

•Study of a Language Family (Australian), Lecturers Harold Koch & Patrick McConvell

See also the courses on offer at the Australian Linguistics Institute 2002 (see below under Upcoming Conferences for details).

Theses passed in 2002

Congratulations to Bethwyn Evans on her PhD thesis:

“A study of valency-changing devices in Proto Oceanic”

Summary: This thesis presents a reconstruction of several valency-changing devices and a system of verb classes for Proto Oceanic. Proto Oceanic is the ancestor language of the Oceanic languages of the Pacific, a subgroup of the Austronesian language family. A characteristic of many Oceanic languages, and indeed Proto Oceanic, is the presence of several valency-changing devices. Those examined here are: the transitive suffix *-i; transitivising *akin[i]; the causative prefix *pa[ka]-; and the two valency-decreasing prefixes *ma- and *ta-. Reflexes of all of these forms are found in many Oceanic languages and all had previously been reconstructed for Proto Oceanic. The thesis uses the previous work on these devices as the starting point for describing them in more detail, in particular with respect to their functions and distributions. Chapters 3 to 7 look in detail at each of the five valency-changing devices, presenting descriptions of their reflexes in a number of modern Oceanic languages and a description of the Proto Oceanic form and its behaviour. The investigation of valency-changing devices led to the study of morphosyntactic classes of verbs as it became clear that the valency-changing devices are best described as part of a system of verb classes since: (i) they had different uses with different types of verbs; and (ii) they occurred with only particular types of verbs. The proposed system of Proto Oceanic verb classes is presented in Chapter 2, along with an examination of verb classes in a number of modern Oceanic languages.


Congratulations to Pascale Jacq on her MPhil thesis (a language description with important historical components):

“A Description of Jruq (Loven): a Mon-Khmer language of the Lao PDR”

Summary: Jruq is a minority language spoken in the Champassak, Attapeu and Saravane provinces of the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). The investigation is based predominantly on the data collected during four intensive fieldwork trips between 1997 and 2000. Jruq has not been studied thoroughly by linguists, and as a result there is very little literature available on it, mostly some wordlists, some very basic grammatical information and a small amount of text. This thesis is an attempt at a more complete and systematic description, within the limits of a Masters thesis. The range of topics covered include phonetics, phonology, morphology and syntax. Special attention is given to some particular features of Jruq which are typologically unusual, or otherwise noteworthy, these include: 1) the phonation-type distinctions among initial consonants (this is treated as a phonological rather than phonetic distinction) 2) the distinction of active rather than passive articulators in determining the major places of consonant articulation, 3) word and syllable structure, and my proposal to treat the phonological word as basically monosyllabic, 4) the interesting system of prefixation which is now no longer productive, and has been partly obscured by phonological changes to the language, 5) the complex Tense, Aspect and Mood system unusual for other Mon-Khmer languages, 6) the indigenous 'Khom' script, previously not described in detail in the literature.


HistLing Seminars, Series 2: November-December, 2001 [back to top]

Co-ordinator: Harold Koch, 6125 3203,

A very successful second series of HistLing seminars was held at ANU in November and December. A summary of the program is given below (click on links to view abstracts). The next series is projected for March and April 2002. Anyone wanting to present a seminar should contact Harold.
Date Speaker Topic
8 Nov.

Andrew Pawley
(Dept. Linguistics, RSPAS)

“Proto-Polynesian *-Cia” [Abstract]
14 Nov.

Jennifer Hendriks
(School of Langiage Studies, Arts)

“On the use and abuse of social history in the history of the Dutch language” [Abstract]

Lawrence A. Reid
(Visiting Fellow, Linguistics, RSPAS)

“Austric: Is it a real language family or not?” [Abstract]
28 Nov.

Ritsuko Kikusawa
(Visiting Post-doctoral Fellow, Linguistics, RSPAS)

“Taking Advantages of both the Comparative Method and Syntactic Typology: An examination of the development of Indonesian basic sentence structures” [Abstract]
5 Dec.

Mark Dras
(Macquarie University)

“Evolution of Turkic vowel harmony: a computational simulation” [Abstract]
12 Dec .

Patrick McConvell (AIATSIS)& Jane Simpson
(University of Sydney)

“Language change among Central Australian Aboriginal children” [Abstract]
19 Dec.

Bethwyn Evans
(PhD student, Linguistics, RSPAS)

“Proto Oceanic *akin[i]: reconstructing a process of grammaticalisation” [Abstract]


Upcoming Conferences [back to top]

January 8th-11th, 2002
The 9th International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics (9ICAL)

The 9th International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics (9ICAL) will be held in Canberra, at Burgmann College, ANU, from January 8-11, 2002. The papers to be presented at 9ICAL are on a broad range of topics concerning Austronesian languages. Keynote speakers are Frank Lichtenberk (Auckland, New Zealand) “The possessive-benefactive connection” and Dr. Bambang Kaswanti Purwo “Bitransitive Verbs in some Austronesian Languages

•Dr. Miriam van Staden and Professor Gunter Senft “Multiverb and Serial Verb Constructions in Austronesian Languages”
•Dr. Anna Margetts and Dr. Jae Jung Song “Benefactives in Oceanic Languages”
•Dr. Cecilia Odé “Basics for the experimental phonetic study of intonation in the field.With examples from AN (Indonesian, Local Bird’s Head Malay (West Papua) and NAN (Mpur, tone language, Northeastern Bird’s Head) languages.”

Registration fees for 9ICAL only A$100 for students, A$170 for non-students. If you wish to attend both 9ICAL and COOL5 conferences the fees are: A$120 for students, and A$200 for non-students.

More information on both conferences is available on-line at, or please e-mail: Note that payment is not required at this stage.

January 14th-16th, 2002
The 5th International Conference on Oceanic Languages (COOL5)

The 5th International Conference of Oceanic Languages (COOL5) will be held from 14-16 January at Burgmann College, ANU, with papers specifically addressing Oceanic languages, and keynote address by Dr. Jean-Claude Rivierre and Dr. Françoise Ozanne-Rivierre “Verbal compounds and ‘classifying’ verbal prefixes in the languages of New-Caledonia”.

Registration fees for COOL5 only A$60 for Students, A$ 100 for non-Students. If you wish to attend both 9ICAL and COOL5 conferences the fees are: A$120 for students, and A$200 for non-students.

More information on both conferences is avaiiable on-line at, or please e-mail: Note that payment is not required at this stage.

July 8-12 & 15-19, 2002
Australian Linguistics Institute 2002

The Australian Linguistics Institute 2002 will be held at Macquarie University, Sydney.

Several courses will be offered that relate directly to language change and historical linguistics:

Comparative Australian Linguistics, Dr Harold Koch (ANU) & Dr Patrick McConvell (AIATSIS). Level: Intermediate.

Language spread since antiquity, Dr Nicholas Ostler (Foundation for Endangered Languages). Level: Introductory.

Language change and reconstruction: a practical introduction, Dr Paul Sidwell (ANU). Level: Introductory

For more detailed information please see .

October 1-4, 2002

The Second Conference on the Archaeology and Linguistics of Australia to be held at the National Museum of Australia and Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies Canberra.

The last decade has advanced our knowledge of Australian indigenous languages and the archaeological record, and has also seen an upsurge in hypotheses and controversies in prehistory, including linguistic prehistory. The time is ripe to assess the discoveries and theories, and to provide a forum for cross-fertilisation between Australian and world prehistory; and between the different disciplines which contribute to our overall understanding of prehistory. ARCLING II has been planned for 2002 to bring together archaeologists, linguists and others to record progress made and map out the challenges we now face.

Registration will be A$220 if paid before March 1 2002 and A$275 after that date.

If you wish to give a paper, please send a title and abstract to Patrick McConvell by Feb. I5, 2001. This should be a Word or RTF attachment to an email message of between 200 and 500 words.

Contact: Dr. Patrick McConvell, Convener, Planning Committee Phone: 02-62461116; E-mail:

RESEARCH: new Research Projects, Grants & Updates [back to top]
Click here for more details of Research Projects by CRLC members & associates

ARC Grants awarded for 2002

Congratulations to CRLC members who were successful in the most recent round of ARC Discovery Grants and ANU Faculty based Small Research Grants!

Cynthia Allen: $95,000 over three years for her project “Linguistic Typology and the Demise of Morphological Case: The Development of the Genitive in the Germanic Languages”.

Summary: This project will investigate how changes to the case marking systems of the Germanic languages affected the expression of the relationships originally encoded by genitive case. New data will be gathered concerning changes in Dutch and English. The investigation will then be extended to the other Germanic languages. A primary aim of the project is to present a case study of how closely related languages can diverge significantly while undergoing a similar shift from one overall ‘type’ to another, adding to our understanding of what sort of changes the human language capability allows in the transmission of language across generations.

Harold Koch: $22,860 by the ANU's Faculties Research Grants Scheme for his project "Reconstruction of verb inflection in Australian languages".

Summary: The project will compare verbs and their inflections that mark Tense, Aspect, and Mood across a number of Australian Aboriginal languages of the Pama-Nyungan family, to reconstruct (a) the earliest inflectional paradigms of widely attested verbs, (b) the changes that they have undergone in various languages, and (c) the grouping of languages that these changes imply. The project has significance for three controversial issues in Australian historical linguistics: (a) the testing of methods for reconstructing inflectional morphology, (b) the description of Proto-Pama-Nyungan, the presumed ancestral language, and (c) the establishment of a chronology of diversification of the Pama-Nyungan languages.

Pascale Jacq: $4,980 by the ANU's Faculties Research Grants Scheme for her "Nhaheun Language Project".

Summary: The project is an intensive effort to record and document the Nhaheun language, of Mon-Khmer family, spoken in the Lao PDR. The aim is to produce a linguistic description, lexicon and texts useful to the Nhaheun people for language and culture preservation/planning.


Updates on continuing and other projects [back to top]

The “Updates” item will be included in each issue of the newsletter. Members and Associates are invited to keep the centre administrator updated on thier research projects concerning language change.

Claire Bowern and Harold Koch
are editing a volume of papers from the “Workshop on Reconstruction and Subgrouping in Australian Languages”, held at the 15th International conference on Historical Linguistics, Melbourne, 16 August 2001.

Laura and Radu Daniliuc
The Daniliucs have a project entitled “The Romanian Verbal System”. The project is a description of the Romanian verbal system, and an account of its historical evolution from Latin up to the present compared with other Romance languages. Some linguists have called Romanian “the least Romance” of the Romance languages, however the essential Latin character of Romanian has lasted in spite of the long history of separation from other Romance languages.

Anthony Diller
Tony is in the last stages of a large ARC grant project correlating Thai and Lao orthographic variation with diachronic sound changes as established through the Comparative Method. He is also co-editing, with Jerry Edmondson, the Curzon/Routledge volume on the Tai-Kadai languages. This book will have a strong diachronic emphasis and will feature some results of the ARC project.

In an interesting development, the ARC offered Paul Sidwell a second postdoctoral fellowship for his project “Linguistic prehistory in Mainland Southeast Asia: 2000 years of language and culture contact between Austroasiatic and Chamic speakers”. However, it seems that Paul may not be able to take up the grant, under the ARC rule that prevents researchers accepting two fellowships of the same class. We await developments in this story in the new year.

2001 publications in Historical Linguistics and Language Change [back to top]

Below is a list of publications appearing 2001compiled from information sent in by members.

Cynthia Allen

• “The development of a new passive in English”. In Butt, M. & T. H. King (eds.) Time over matter: Diachronic perspectives on morphosyntax. Stanford, California: CSLI Publications. 43-72.

Anthony Diller
• “Grammaticalization and Thai Syntactic Change”. In: Essays in Tai Linguistics. Edited by M.R. Kalaya Tingsabadh and Arthur S. Abramson. Chulalongkorn University Press. Pp. 139-175. ISBN 974-347-222-3.

• “Thai Grammar and Grammaticality”. In: Indigenous Grammars Across Cultures. Edited by Hannes Kniffka. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. Pp. 219-244. ISBN 3-631-38581-1.

Koch, Harold
• “Basic vocabulary of the Arandic languages: From classification to reconstruction.” In Jane Simpson, David Nash, Mary Laughren, Peter Austin, Barry Alpher (eds), Forty years on: Ken Hale and Australian languages. (Pacific Linguistics 512) Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 71-87.

Andrew Pawley
• “The Proto Trans New Guinea obstruents: arguments from top-down reconstruction.” In A. Pawley, M. Ross and D. Tryon (eds) The Boy from Bundaberg: Essays in Melanesian Linguistics in Honour of Tom Dutton, 261-300. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
• “Proto-Polynesian *-CIA”. In J. Bradshaw and K. Rehg (eds), Issues in Austronesian morphology: a focusschrift for Byron W. Bender, 193-217. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Malcolm Ross
• “Is there an East Papuan phylum? Evidence from pronouns”. In: Andrew Pawley, Malcolm Ross and Darrell Tryon eds, The Boy from Bundaberg: Studies in Melanesian linguistics in honour of Tom Dutton, 301-321. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
• “Contact-induced change in Oceanic languages in north-west Melanesia”. In: Alexandra Aikhenvald and R.M.W. Dixon eds, Areal diffusion and genetic inheritance: problems in comparative linguistics, 134-166. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
• “Proto Oceanic *i, *qi and *-ki”. In Joel Bradshaw and Kenneth L. Rehg, eds, Issues in Austronesian morphology: a focusschrift for Byron W. Bender, 259-278. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
• (with John Lynch and Terry Crowley) The Oceanic languages. London: Curzon Press.

Book News [back to top]

Reader are encouraged to submit details of new books and other publications of interest to members and associates.

Processes of language contact: Case studies from Australia and the South Pacific. Edited by Jeff Siegel (Champs linguistiques [Series editor: Claire Lefebvre]) Quebec, Canada: Fides. xi+326 pp.2001. ISBN: 2-7621-2098-5.
• Jeff Siegel. Introduction: The processes of language contact. 1-11.
• Harold Koch. The role of Australian Aboriginal languages in the formation of Australian Pidgin grammar: Transitive verbs and adjectives. 13-46.
• Terry Crowley. "Predicate Marking" in Bislama. 47-74.
• Jeff Siegel, Barbara Sandeman, and Chris Corne. Predicting substrate influence: Tense-Modality-Aspect marking in Tayo. 75-97.
• Christine Jourdan. My Nephew is my aunt: Features and transformation of kinship terminology in Solomon Islands Pijin. 99-121.
• Ian Malcolm. Aboriginal English: From Contact Variety to Social Dialect. 123-144.
• Joan Bresnan. Pidgin genesis and Optimality Theory. 145-173.
• Terry Crowley. Simplicity, complexity, emblematicity and grammatical change. 175-193.
• Jane Simpson. Camels as Pidgin-carriers: Afghan cameleers as a vector for the spread of features of Australian Aboriginal pidgins and creoles. 195-244.
• Jennifer Munro. Kriol on the move: A case of language spread and shift in northern Australia. 245-270.
• Geoff Smith. Tok Pisin and English: The current relationship. 271-291.
• Chris Corne. Na pa kekan, na person: The evolution of Tayo negatives. 193-317.

Time over Matter: Diachronic Perspectives on Morphosyntax. Edited by Miriam Butt and Tracy Holloway King. Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University, California. 2001.
• Cynthia Allen. The Development of a New Passive in English.
• Julia Barron. Perception and Raising Verbs.
• Miriam Butt. Accusative to Ergative Shift in Indo-Aryan.
• Christoph Schwarze. Representation and Variation.
• Jane Simpson. The Grammaticalisation Of Associated Path.
• Ida Toivonen. Language Change, Lexical Features and Finnish Possessors.

The History and Typology of Western Austronesian Voice Systems, edited by Fay Wouk and Malcolm Ross, Pacific Linguistics 518. 2002. ISBN 0 85883 477 4.
• Part I: Overviews
• Part II: Languages of Sulawesi
• Part III: Languages of the rest of Indonesia and Malaysia
• Part IV: Languages outside Indonesia and Malaysia
• Part V: Discussion notes

Time Depth in Historical Linguistics, edited by Colin Renfrew, April McMahon and Larry Trask, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge. 2000. 2 volumes. ISBN 1902937139 (v.1), 1902937147 (v.2).
Volume 1
• Part I: Questions of Time Depth
• Part II: Towards Lexicostatistics and Glottochronology
Volume 2
• Part III: Critique of Glottochronology; Linguistic Palaeontology
• Part IV: Family Affairs: Indo-European and Hittite
• Part V: Process: Phonetics, Grammar and Convergence
• Part VI: Morphology, Spatial Patterning, and Beyond

Historical Linguistics and Lexicostatistics, edited by Vitaly Shevoroshkin and Paul Sidwell, Association for the History of Language, Melbourne. 1999. ISBN 0 9577251 1 6
• Part I: Lexicostatistic: way of application
• Part II: Genetic Relationship of Languages and “Mass Comparison”
• Part III: Calculating Language Relationship

An Introduction to Historical Linguistics (4th edition), Terry Crowley .
Oxford University Press have indicated that they would like Terry to prepare a fourth edition of his textbook An Introduction to Historical Linguistics. He is keen to receive any comments at all from people who have read this book or used it as a teaching text regarding areas for improvement in the next edition. Please keep in mind, though, that this is to remain an INTRODUCTORY text, and that the publishers are not keen for me to expand the size of the volume by more than 10% of its current size. Comments should reach Terry at by around the middle of 2002 .

Palgrave Studies in Language History and Language (from Charles Jones)
Palgrave Publishing have agreed to establish, under my general editorship, a new monograph series, entitled Palgrave Studies in Language History and Language Change, dedicated to general issues in Historical Linguistics. The monograph series will be designed to attract works of the highest scholarly standard in what is an increasingly active area of general linguistic research. The series will comprise monographs providing insights into general theoretical issues relating to language change through time and the relevance these might have for models of linguistic behaviour at all levels of the grammar. The series will encompass issues relating to linguistic mutation across a broad set of the world's languages. The series will also seek descriptions of the historical development of lesser-studied languages and embrace topics relating to the dissemination of language change through time, notably the sociolinguistic (as well as other extra-linguistic) parameters relevant to linguistic innovation. The series will not be dominated by any single theoretical or descriptive model.
I have established a group of eminent scholars who will act as an Editorial Board alongside me as General Editor of the series; it includes Peter Austin (Melbourne), Lyle Campbell (Canterbury, New Zealand), Donka Minkova (UCLA), Matti Rissanen (Helsinki), Irma Taavitsainen (Helsinki) and Ans van Kemenade (Nijmegen).
It is hoped to commission two volumes in any given year. Proposals should be of around 100,000-150,000 words in length, although I intend to be as flexible in this area as possible. Proposals for publication are now cordially invited and should be sent to Professor Charles Jones, Department of English Language, University of Edinburgh, 14 Buccleuch Place, Edinburgh EH9 9LN, UK.
Palgrave is the global brand for Macmillan academic and college publishing, publishes some 500 titles a year across the Humanities and Social Sciences and intends to develop further its programme of Linguistics publishing. Palgrave has an extensive overseas representation with offices in over 35 countries around the world and has the means to reach a wide international market through prestigious academic outlets. Further details of the series will be posted on the web site of the English Language Department at the University of Edinburgh. In the meantime, I shall be happy to answer any queries concerning the series.

What is the CRLC?

The CRLC promotes, coordinates and sponsors research on all aspects of language change and on the history of particular languages and language families.

The Centre is a focus for all research in this field at the Australian National University (ANU), combining interests previously divided amongst the Department of Linguistics in the Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies (RSPAS), the School of Language Studies in the Faculty of Arts, various centres in the Faculty of Asian Studies, and members of the Departments of Anthropology and of Archaeology and Natural History, RSPAS, and the School of Archaeology and Anthropology, Faculty of Arts.

We seek to actively promote the formulation of cross-campus and inter-university projects and seek appropriate funding for them, support directly selected projects or aspects of them, organise seminars, lectures and conferences, publish appropriate works and publicise the interests and achievements of historical linguistics at the ANU. The CRLC is unique in the world. There is no other centre devoted exclusively to research on language change across language families. ANU scholars connected with the Centre will play a role in defining the discipline on a world scale.

Why a chameleon?

Pascale Jacq

I created the chameleon mascot for the CRLC to symbolise change. Also chameleons symbolise the 'exotic' language families we are involved in with our research (Chamaeleontidae lizards are found in Africa and Madagascar). Harold Koch suggested I make him pop his tongue out to show a dynamic representation of change, and also because the word 'language' in English is derived historically from the Latin root (lingua) meaning 'tongue'. The different colours are used on the CRLC's web page to distinguish the different pages and the CRLC's areas of interest, e.g. events, education, research, members, etc. Some may argue that theoretically we shouldn't be able to see our chameleon at any time on the web page because of the chameleon's remarkable camouflaging ability, but where's the fun in that?

What is the logo?

Pascale Jacq

When asked by the committee to come up with a logo for the CRLC, I was a little stumped. How do you represent 'change' with an unmoving image? Playing around with shapes, Paul Sidwell noticed how one my triangles looked like the Greek 'delta' symbol (uppercase). Knowing more logic than I did, he remarked how the symbol is used in logic to symbolise change. I slanted it a little to the right to emphasise the CRLC's aims in the future and our aim to make advances in the field of historical linguistics.

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This newsletter wascompiled by Paul Sidwell:
This document last modified: 24th December, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by the Centre for Research on Language Change, ANU.